Directory Profile

Janessa Graves

Janessa Graves

Associate Professor, Spokane 509-324-7257 SNRS 433 412 E. Spokane Falls Blvd., Spokane, WA 99202-2131

Dr. Janessa Graves is an Associate Professor in the College of Nursing at Washington State University. Dr. Graves’ primary research focuses on inequities in access to healthcare services across geography and among historically underrepresented populations. Dr. Graves’ work informs state and federal health policies to improve access to and quality of healthcare services for high-needs populations and will ultimately reduce health disparities for rural and underserved communities. Dr. Graves actively leads several externally funded research projects, has authored over 70 peer-reviewed publications in public health and health services research journals, and currently mentors graduate students in nursing, prevention science, and public health. Dr. Graves also has a high level of quantitative and qualitative methodology expertise, including multi-level modeling, interrupted time series analyses, hierarchical cluster analysis, and group concept mapping.


  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
  • PhD, Health Services Research, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
  • MPH, Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
  • Graduate Certificate, Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Research Interests

Dr. Graves is a health services researcher with interests in rural health, pediatric injuries, and occupational health. Her background in program evaluation and advanced research methods provides a strong foundation for analyses of existing administrative and research datasets, including insurance claims and survey data. Dr. Graves is a founding member of the Language Access Research for Community Health (LARCH) Coalition, an interdisciplinary group of researchers and advocacy leaders who conduct research on inequities in healthcare service access facing English language learners, seeking to improve access to language and interpreter services. Dr. Graves is especially interested in improving access to healthcare for rural populations.

Dr. Graves has published 72 peer-reviewed research articles on topics relating to injury, health services research, and public health. Dr. Graves has served as a grant reviewer for HRSA, NIH, and CDC, and she actively reviews submissions to public health, injury, medical, and health services research journals.

Methodological Strengths

Dr. Graves training in Health Services Research included emphases in Evaluation Sciences and Occupational Health Services Research and she completed a two-year NIH-funded postdoctoral fellowship on pediatric injury research at the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Washington. Dr. Graves’ expertise includes evaluations and comparisons of healthcare costs, utilization, and outcomes as they relate to healthcare policy changes, disparities in healthcare, and variation in treatment. Recently, Dr. Graves conducted an interrupted time-series analysis to evaluate the impact of a statewide policy on healthcare utilization within the Washington State workers’ compensation system. In addition, Dr. Graves has extensive survey research methods experience and has conducted statewide, regional, and national surveys of institutions and healthcare providers. She enjoys the creative use of existing data to conduct applied health services research, as well as using interdisciplinary approaches to answering important public health questions.

Areas of Expertise

Rural health, pediatric injury, mental health, health care costs and utilization, occupational injury, occupational health and safety, global health, public health education, health services research, language access.


  • AcademyHealth, 2010-present
  • Society for the Advancement of Violence and Injury Research (SAVIR), 2011-present
  • American Public Health Association, 2007-present
  • Washington State Public Health Association, 2007-present

Honors and Awards

  • 2024 Mentor, NIH All of Us Research Scholar Program (RSP)
  • 2022 Travel Award, Northwest Rural Health Conference, Washington Rural Health Association
  • 2022 Annual Conference Scholarship, National Rural Health Association (NRHA)
  • 2020 President’s Award for Leadership, Washington State University
  • 2020-2023 Honors Faculty Fellow, Washington State University
  • 2019 Travel Award, Washington State University Collaboration on Cannabis Research and Outreach (CCPRO)
  • 2019 Outstanding Undergraduate Faculty Award, Washington State University, College of Nursing
  • 2019 Honors Thesis Advisor Award, Washington State University, Honors College
  • 2019 Honors Faculty Award, Washington State University, Honors College
  • 2019 Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) WestON Travel Award
  • 2017 Outstanding Graduate Faculty, Washington State University, College of Nursing
  • 2017-2020 Honors Faculty Fellow, Washington State University
  • 2016 Excellence in Research, Washington State University College of Nursing, $2,000
  • 2016 Early Career Reviewer Program, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • 2016-2017 Provost’s Leadership Academy, Washington State University
  • 2015 Faculty Fellow in Research, Washington State University, College of Nursing

Funded Research

  • “Antecedents to Geographic Disparities in Mental Health Care Access among Participants Enrolled in the National Institutes of Health All of Us Research Program.” Janessa M. Graves (PI), Shawna Beese (Co-PI). American Academy of Colleges of Nursing and National Institutes of Health (NIH), 10/01/22-06/20/23.
  • “Alliance for Health Science Professional Educator Networking (ASPEN).” Tracy A. Klein (Co-PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-PI), Dawn DeWitt (Co-I), Mary Paine (Co-I), Patricia Pearce (Co-I). WSU Mentoring Innovations Initiative, 05/01/22-04/30/23.
  • “Risk of Harms Planning and Analysis.” Janessa M. Graves (PI). Washington Department of Labor and Industries. 01/01/22-06/30/23.
  • “Community-Academic Partnerships to Provide Telemental Health in Rural Schools during COVID-19” Janessa M. Graves (PI), Anne Mason (Co-I). Innovia Foundation Solutions Accelerator Grant. Subcontract with the Rural Alliance. 04/01/21-03/31/22.
  • “Community Partnerships to Address Mental Health Literacy and Stigma in Rural Northeastern Washington” Janessa M. Graves (PI). National Institutes of Health UG4 (National Libraries of Medicine). 05/01/21-04/30/22.
  • “Establishment of Telemental Health Services for Remote, Underserved Washington Schools.” All in WA Youth Behavioral Health Grant. 02/01/21-05/30/22.
  • “A Unified Telehealth Plan for North Central Washington: A Mixed-Method Strategic Engagement Approach” Christina Sanders (PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-PI), Season Hoard (Co-PI), Brian Anderson (Co-I), Kevin Harris (Collaborator), Monica Babine (Collaborator). North Central Accountable Community of Health. 03/01/21-09/30/21.
  • “Group Concept Mapping to Identify Community Needs for Youth Suicide Prevention” Janessa M. Graves (PI). Community-Based Training Partner Funds, Northwest Center for Public Health Practice, University of Washington. 01/01/21-08/31/21.
  • “Increasing Access to Internet-Based Mental Health Resources for Public School Counselors in Rural Washington.” Janessa M. Graves (Co-PI), Electra A. Enslow (Co-PI). National Libraries of Medicine (National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region), Technology Improvement Award. 09/01/20-04/30/21.
  • “Improving Mental Health Literacy in Rural Northeastern Washington.” Janessa M. Graves (Co-PI), Electra A. Enslow (Co-PI). National Libraries of Medicine (National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Pacific Northwest Region), Community Health Award. 09/01/20-04/30/21.
  • “Combining Data with Community Engagement to Address Youth Suicide in Rural Washington.” Janessa M. Graves (PI), Solmaz Amiri, Liat S. Kriegel, Janet Katz, Jessica L. Mackelprang, Ashley Beck. WSU I-REACH Faculty Pilot Grant, 07/01/20-12/31/21.
  • “Injury Health-related Equity across the Lifespan (iHeal).” Monica S. Vavilala (PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-I/Subcontract). CDC Injury Center Grant, 5R49CE003087-03 (Vavilala). 1/1/2019-12/31/2024.
    “Implementation Fidelity and Benefits of the Critical Care Pediatric Guideline Adherence and Outcomes Program in Traumatic Brain Injury.” Monica S. Vavilala (PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-I/Subcontract). NIH, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 5 R01 NS 106560-02 (Vavilala) 1/1/2019-12/31/2024.
  • “Hiring, Credentialing, and Privileging of Nurse Practitioners as Hospitalists: A National Workforce and Employment Analysis.” Louise Kaplan (PI), Tracy Klein (Co-PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-I). National Council of State Boards of Nursing Center for Regulatory Excellence Grant. 01/01/19-12/31/20.
  • “Unintentional Marijuana Exposures among Children: A National Policy Evaluation.” Janessa M. Graves (PI), Tracy Klein (Co-I), Julia Dilley (Co-I), Jennifer Whitehill (Co-I), Ashley Brooks-Russell (Co-I). Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Program (ADARP) Pilot Grant, WSU. 01/01/19-12/31/20.
  • “Evaluating the use of technology in language assistance programs serving Latino and other LEP communities in Washington State.” Carmen Gonzalez (PI), Janessa M. Graves (Co-PI), Megan Moore (Co-I), Monica Vavilala (Co-I). Latino Center for Health Small Grant, University of Washington. 07/01/18-06/30/20.

Complete List of Published Work

Selected Publications

Graves JM, Abshire DA, Mackelprang JL, Dilley JA, Amiri S, Chacon CM, Mason A. Geographic disparities in the availability of mental health services in U.S. public schools. Am J Prev Med. 2022 Oct 22:S0749-3797(22)00455-X. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2022.09.003. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36283908.

Klein TA, Dilley JA, Graves JM, Liebelt EL. Synthetic cannabinoid poisonings and access to the legal cannabis market: findings from US national poison centre data 2016-2019. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2022 Aug 8:1-5. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2022.2099887. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 35942512.

Amberson T, Graves JM, Sears JM. Implementing the Total Worker Health program in a shared governance context. J Emerg Nurs. 2022 Jul;48(4):342-347. doi: 10.1016/j.jen.2022.05.004. PMID: 35787774

Graves JM, Abshire DA, Alejandro AG. System- and individual-level barriers to accessing medical care services across the rural-urban spectrum, Washington State. Health Serv Insights. 2022 Jun 11;15:11786329221104667. doi: 10.1177/11786329221104667. PMID: 35706424

Beese S, Amram O, Corylus A, Graves JM, Postma J, Monsivais P. Expansion of grocery delivery and access for Washington SNAP participants during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prev Chronic Dis. 2022 Jun 30;19:E36. doi: 10.5888/pcd19.210412. PMID: 35772037.

Oneal G, Smart D, Roberts M, Graves J, Eberman L, Odom-Maryon T, Rowan S, DePriest D, Edwards C. Exertional heat illness in the military: Exploring factors for injury prevention using Haddon’s Matrix. J Environ Health. 2022;84(8).

Denson VL, Graves JM. Language assistance services in nonfederally funded safety-net medical clinics in the United States. Health Equity. 2022;6(1):32-39. doi: 10.1089/heq.2021.0103. eCollection 2022. PubMed PMID: 35112044.

Klein TA, Graves JM, Panther S. Trazodone prescribing for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Medicaid in Oregon. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2022;27(2):132-140. doi: 10.5863/1551-6776-27.2.132. Epub 2022 Feb 9. PMID: 35241984.

Conrick K, Graves JM, Angell L, Moore M. Assessing learning and training needs for social workers working with clients with traumatic brain injury. J Social Work Education. 2022. doi:10.1080/10437797.2022.2039823.

Graves JM, Abshire DA, Amiri S, Mackelprang JL. Disparities in technology and broadband internet access across rurality: Implications for health and education. Fam Community Health. 2021 Oct-Dec 01;44(4):257-265. doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000306. PMID: 34269696.

Graves JM, Dilley JA, Terpak L, Brooks-Russell A, Whitehill JM, Klein TA, Liebelt E. Kratom exposures among older adults reported to U.S. poison centers, 2014-2019. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2021 Aug;69(8):2176-2184. doi: 10.1111/jgs.17326. Epub 2021 Jun 18. PMID: 34143890.

Neill-Gubitz H, Graves JM, Barbosa-Leiker C. Availability of health care services and medications for opioid use disorder in carceral facilities in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2022;33(1):407-418. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2022.0031. PMID: 35153230.

Dilley JA, Graves JM, Brooks-Russell A, Whitehill JM, Liebelt EL. Trends and characteristics of manufactured cannabis product and cannabis plant product exposures reported to US poison control centers, 2017-2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 May 3;4(5):e2110925. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.10925. PMID: 34028553.

Whitehill JM, Dilley JA, Brooks-Russell A, Terpak L, Graves JM. Edible cannabis exposures among children: 2017-2019. Pediatrics. 2021 Apr;147(4):e2020019893. doi: 10.1542/peds.2020-019893. Epub 2021 Mar 22. PMID: 33753541.

Graves JM, Mackelprang JL, Amiri S, Abshire DA. Barriers to telemedicine implementation in southwest tribal communities during COVID-19. J Rural Health. 2021 Jan;37(1):239-241. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12479. Epub 2020 Jun 30. PMID: 32506685.

Graves JM, Abshire DA, Mackelprang JL, Amiri S, Beck A. Association of rurality with availability of youth mental health facilities with suicide prevention services in the US. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(10):e2021471. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21471. PMID: 33090222.

Abshire DA, Graves JM, Amiri S, Williams-Gilbert W. Differences in loneliness across the rural-urban continuum among adults living in Washington State. J Rural Health. 2020 Nov 12. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12535. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33180354.

Graves JM, Dilley J, Kubsad S, Liebelt E. Notes from the field: Phenibut exposures reported to poison centers — United States, 2009–2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1227–1228. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6935a5external. PMID: 32881852

Graves JM, Abshire DA, Undeberg M, Forman L. Rural-urban disparities in access to Medicaid pharmacy services in Washington State, 2017. Prev Chron Disease. 2020 Aug 20;17:E92. doi: 10.5888/pcd17.200066external. PMID: 32816659.


updated 10/18/23