Roles & Responsibilities
The Role of a Preceptor
- Review course syllabus and objectives, plus learner objectives, to structure the experience.
- Orient the student to the clinical site and staff.
- Advise the student of expectations with respect to communication, attire, documentation, and patient visits, teaching and disposition.
- Provide access to patients and help the student select appropriate patients to develop the advanced practitioner role.
- Promote a positive learning environment – encourage inquiry, critical analysis, and reflection.
- Provide direct supervision, which could include supervision of any clinical procedures practiced in your setting (ex. suturing, casting, & GYN exams/biopsies). Students will make a list of procedural competencies obtained.
- Be present during all student clinical experiences – substitution is accepted during absences if cleared in advance.
- Validate clinical findings and data reported by the student and review documentation in medical records.
- Assist students in making differential diagnoses, offer a broad spectrum of treatment options from which they can choose, offer feedback to facilitate learning, and give homework assignments if desired.
- Observe the student for steady improvement in critical reasoning, diagnostic thinking, exam techniques, plan development, and documentation.
- Communicate with faculty regarding student progress, including if the student is not progressing clinically or there’s any breach of professionalism.
- Engage with the clinical evaluator to discuss student progress.
- Complete and submit evaluations.
The Role of Faculty/Staff/Program
- Verify preceptor/site eligibility including clinical agreement/contract.
- Monitor student passport and onboarding, verify this is current.
- Ensure clinical experience aligns with program/course objectives.
- Provide preceptor resources for the role.
- Make clinical site visits.
- Sign off on E*Value entries weekly.
- Facilitate communication between program, student, and preceptor.
- Evaluate student written assignments including SOAP notes.
The Role of the Student
- Verify that all onboarding requirements have been met.
- Communicate with clinical evaluator to receive permission to begin clinical rotation.
- Communicate with preceptor regarding learner objectives.
- Negotiate a schedule with preceptor and determine date(s) for the clinical site evaluation(s).
- Arrive to site early, review preceptor schedule and determine plan for the day.
- Be prepared with equipment and resources.
- Complete any review as requested by preceptor prior to arriving at the site.
- Be professional, respectful, thankful, and engaged.
- Perform data collection, interpretation of diagnostics, identify differential diagnoses and working diagnosis, develop and implement a care plan and document encounter (either in EMR or written form) for each exposure.
- Document all encounters and hours in E*Value within 48 hours of rotation.
- Complete and submit all evaluations including preceptor evaluation.
Quick Links & Resources
- AANP’s Preceptor Toolkit
- NONPF Preceptor Portal
- Graduate Student Handbook
- DNP Program Outcomes
- Sample Plans of Study (coming soon)
“I love what I do, and I want other people to see how rewarding it can be.”
Kathryn Brault, a Family Nurse Practitioner in the Tri-Cities, is a preceptor for the WSU College of Nursing. She precepts students at her specialty clinic for diabetes patients in Richland, and at Grace Clinic, which provides free health care to people in need. Why does she do it?