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Vietnamese Women’s Breast and Cervical Health Project

Washington State University Vancouver Mini-Research Grant; Washington State University Vancouver Research Start-Up Grant
08/16/16-08/15/17

Abstract

Asian Americans (AA) are the fastest-growing ethnic group in the United States. A 162% (vs.44% in U.S. total population) increase in the AA population is projected between 2008 and 2050. A limitation in research is data is often times aggregated for AA subgroups as one group, which mask health disparities. Vietnamese American women have a late-stage diagnosis of cancer that leads to almost 10% higher mortality rates than the four larger Asian subgroups (Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, and Korean) and non-Hispanic White women. Vietnamese American women have a higher incidence of cervical cancer and are also more often diagnosed with advanced cervical cancer than non-Hispanic White women and mortality rates are also higher than the four mentioned Asian subgroups and non-Hispanic White women. Mammography screening for breast cancer and cervical cancer screening participation are much lower than the Healthy People 2020 goal to screen for breast cancer at 81.1% women age 50 to 74 years and cervical cancer at 93% of women age 21 to 65 years. With the local Vietnamese American community, we developed the following specific aim. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive investigation is to explore and better understand the beliefs of Vietnamese American women about breast and cervical cancer and screening to inform the development of intervention for later testing in a randomized controlled trial. We will recruit a sample size of 40 participants across 3 to 5 groups from Asian community agencies/churches. Focus groups consisting of Vietnamese American women are needed to capture group perceptions of meaning, breast and cervical health, and illness. We will use purposeful and snowball sampling methods. We will use a theory-directed approach to content analysis that is structured to analyze key concepts and health belief variables and is considered a form of directed content analysis. The project will be completed in 12 months.

Primary Investigator

Connie-Nguyen-Truong_web

Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, PhD, RN, PCCN

Partners

  • Immigrant & Refugee Community Organization Asian Family Center and Community-Participatory Advisory Council as Team Teachers (C-PACT: Tuong Vy Le, MS; Dr. Kim Quy Vo Nguyen, DNP, FNP-C; Hien Nguyen, BSN, RN; Providence Cancer Center representative Tuyen Tran, MPA-HA; Dr. Thuyet Tran, MD, PhD; Katherine Dinh, BS; Kevin Nguyen, BS Student; IRCO Asian Family Center representative – Chiao-Yun (Anny) Hsiao, BS)