Research Office

Coug Nurse Scholarly Review is WSU College of Nursing’s newsletter covering faculty research and efforts to improve health and healthcare through scholarly inquiry and investigation.

What’s New in Grants?

The College of Nursing and Nursing/Community Health investigators, in either the PI role or Co-I role, submitted seven new proposals in September, totaling $897,335 in requested funds:

PI: Julie Postma. The Impact of Electronic Self-Management Tools on Caregiver Portal Usage and Child Asthma Outcomes. MultiCare Institute for Research & Innovation. $39,906.

PI: Stephen James, Co-I: Lois James. Using Interval-Level Police Performance Metrics to Test the Effectiveness of Seattle Police Department’s Early Intervention System. Seattle Police Department. $100,000.

PI: Marian Wilson. EMPOWER. University of Cincinnati. $119,858.

PI: Sean Murphy. An Economic Evaluation of Long-Acting Naltrexone for Pre-Release Prisoners: A Randomized Trial of Mobile Treatment. Friends Research Institute. $356,421.

PI: Martin Schiavenato, Co-Is: Subhanshu Gupta and Hang Liu. Self-Weighing, Self-Powered, Smart Sensing Textile. WSU Office of Commercialization. $49,906.

PI: Linda Eddy. Cost Center: Juvenile Probation. Pierce County, WA. $14,960.

PI: Sterling McPherson, Co-Is: Matt Layton, Barb Richardson. A Shared Decision Making Tool to Prevent Substance Abuse. Ringful Health. $216,284.


Three new awards were received by College of Nursing and Nursing/Community Health investigators in the month of September, totaling $926,675 in funding:

PI: Mike McDonell, Co-I: Sean Murphy. First Episode Psychosis Evaluation. WA DSHS. $166,012.

PI: Sterling McPherson, Co-Is: Jo Ann Dotson, Matt Layton, Michele Shaw. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Reference and Decision Support Tool. Ringful Health. $40,000.

PI: Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe, Co-Is: Diane Cook, Chris Hundhausen, Catherine Van Son. Providing Support in Real-time with Smart Technologies to Improve Quality of Life. DoD/Army. $720,663.

Research Spotlight

Strong Men, Strong Communities: Reducing diabetes risk factors among American Indian Men

Ka’imi Sinclair

American Indian (AI) males experience more profound health disparities than their counterparts in all other U.S. racial and ethnic groups. Compared to white men, AI men are more likely to be obese (39% vs. 25%) and physically inactive (54% vs. 45%). Still worse, AI men have the highest age-adjusted prevalence of type 2 diabetes (~18%) among U.S. men, while non-Hispanic White men have the lowest (~7%). In recent decades, AIs have experienced a disproportionate increase in diabetes-related complications and mortality compared to all other groups, such that age-adjusted diabetes death rates in AI men are now almost twice those in white men.

Several large randomized, controlled trials in non-AIs confirm that type 2 diabetes mellitus can be prevented or delayed by interventions that promote weight loss and healthy lifestyles, but little empirical data exist on interventions to prevent diabetes in AI men. In the Diabetes Prevention Program, only 55 out of 3,234 participants were AI men. The non-randomized, clinic-based Special Diabetes Program for Indians-Demonstration Project (SDPI-DP) – the only large national evaluation of a comprehensive diabetes prevention program tailored to AIs – enrolled 2,553 AI participants, but just 25% were men. Full participation in all 16 sessions was associated with lower annual incidence of diabetes (3.5% vs. 7.5%, p < 0.001), yet over one-fourth of male participants dropped out before reaching that critical threshold.

Many explanations have been posited for the low participation rates among men of all races in lifestyle interventions and diabetes risk reduction programs. Recruiting AI men in clinic-based programs is difficult because they tend to seek clinical care less often than women and generally present with more advanced disease. AI men’s perceptions of normative health behaviors and gender roles may also discourage participation.

Dr. Ka`imi Sinclair from the College of Nursing and the Initiative for Research and Education to Advance Community Health (IREACH) has been awarded two grants from the National Institutes of Health to work with American Indian men in four sites to develop and evaluate a community-based, culturally appropriate approach for AI men that targets modifiable diabetes risk factors. It uses methods adapted from successful, non-clinic based programs for other high-risk minority populations to address healthy diet and physical activity, and it incorporates elements of the DPP and SDPI-DP. The adaptations include the use of a “men’s group” format to promote traditional Native lifestyles relevant to diabetes prevention, such as fishing, horsemanship, drumming, and Native games, and a traditional Native diet emphasizing vegetables, fruits, and lean animal proteins such as fish and bison. Culturally tailored groups for indigenous men are increasingly accepted as a useful, cost-effective strategy to improve men’s health, but their impact on health outcomes has not been rigorously examined. Our study will inform the design and implementation of culturally-informed, community-based lifestyle interventions for diabetes prevention in AI men in our partner communities and elsewhere, as well as in men of other minority groups who experience a heavy burden of diabetes.

Research FYI

If you are submitting an NIH application please be sure to know the requirements.  Here is one area to familiarize yourself: Hyperlinks and URLs (most applicable to biosketches)

  • Hyperlinks and URLs are only allowed when specifically noted in funding opportunity announcement (FOA) and form field instructions (e.g. , biosketches, publication lists). It is highly unusual for a FOA to allow links in Specific Aims, Research Strategy and other page-limited attachments.
  • Hyperlinks and URLs may not be used to provide information necessary to application review.
  • Reviewers are not obligated to view linked sites and are cautioned that they should not directly access a website (unless the link to the site was specifically requested in application instructions) as it could compromise their anonymity.
  • When allowed, you must hyperlink the actual URL text so it appears on the page rather than hiding the URL behind a specific word or phrase.


In Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents (Okaonofua et al.), found that students who feel respected are less likely to act up in class and it can change how hard students are willing to work in class.  They also found that respect is defined differently by the teachers (cooperation and compliance) and students (basic recognition of your humanity).

Marginalization: A Revisitation With Integration of Scholarship on Globalization, Intersectionality, Privilege, Microaggressions, and Implicit Biases (Hall and Carlson), provide health-oriented update of the concept of marginalization.

Mixed-Methods Research in the Discipline of Nursing (Beck & Harrison), offer strategies for nurses interested in applying mixed methods to the research design.

Naturejobs is a nature blog.  In How not to respond to reviewers: Eight simple tips the author, Jack Lemming, offers practical advice on how to get started addressing reviewer feedback.

Serotonin engages an anxiety and fear-promoting circuit in the extended amygdala explores SSRIs and their “darker” side.

Genome-wide associations for birth weight and correlations with adult disease found that birthweight is influenced by genes also related to other diseases.

Looking for a good book?  Check out Nature’s top 5 science picks.

Students, has your instructor or chair suggested you hire an editor? Faculty, do you need a second pair of eyes to look at your publication drafts? I have great news for you; WSU writing program now has a New Professional Editing Service Center. This service is open to all grad students and faculty.

The National Institute of Nursing Research’s (NINR) new Strategic Plan, “Advancing Science, Improving Lives: A Vision for Nursing Science,” is now available. The Plan details the Institute’s priorities for the conduct and support of future nursing science.

Research – Just for Fun

An unexpected advantage of whiteness in horses: the most horsefly-proof horse has a depolarizing white coat  see what researchers do to determine the best protective factors against

Research Funnies



Research Puzzle


Recent Publications

Nguyen-Truong, Connie Kim Yen., Tang, Joannie, & Hsiao, Chiao-Yun (in press). Community interactive research workshop series – community members engaged as team teachers to conduct research. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action.

Invited Publication

Nguyen-Truong, Connie Kim Yen. (in press). Vietnamese and Asian Pacific Islander Spotlight Feature: Vietnamese Women’s Breast and Cervical Health Project. In Women’s Foundation of Oregon 2016 Count Her In Report on Women and Girls.

*The Women’s Foundation of Oregon will be releasing the 2016 Count Her In Report on Women and Girls, September 21, 2016, on the Capitol Steps in Salem, OR. The report will be available for public domain use – weblink to be released.

Rutman, S., Loughran, J., Henry-Tanner, L. & Randall, L.L.. (2016).  Native Generations: A Campaign Addressing Infant Mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives in Urban Areas. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research. Vol 23(5):59-77.

Wilson, M., Gettel, V., Walsh, J. Esquenazi, S. (2016). Caring compassionately for hospitalized patients: Can nurse-delivered massage address compassion fatigue? International Journal for Human Caring, 20(3), 146–154.

Recent Presentations

Fincham, S. & Mason, A. “Developing a Collaborative Longitudinal Interprofessional Education Program Using Standardized Patients”, DNP National Conference, Baltimore, MD, October 2016.

James, L. (September 2016) Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) National Policing Summit. “How academia can influence police training and policy around implicit bias.” Key panelist by invitation. Brunswick, GA.

James, L. (August 2016). Does Implicit Racial Bias Influence Police Decisions to Shoot? Evidence and Implications. Oregon District Attorney’s Association (ODAA) annual conference (guest speaker by invitation). Bend, OR

James, L. (July 2016). Tactical Social Interaction (TSI): Promoting Cultural Humility and Social Competence across a Range of Disciplines. Washington State University Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine Brown Bag Series. Spokane, WA.

James, L. (March 2016). Using Multi-Level-Modeling (MLM) for Repeated Measures Designs. Washington State University College of Nursing Analytical Brown Bag Series. Spokane, WA.

James, L. (February 2016). Fatigue, Distraction, and Bias: What they mean for Law Enforcement and the Communities they Serve. Washington State University Common Reading Series. Pullman, WA.

Wilson, M., Barbosa-Leiker, C., Mason, A., Graham, K., Shuen, J.A., Wilson, M. “Testing an internet-based depression management program for people with chronic illnesses and depressive symptoms”, Inland Northwest Research Symposium, Spokane, WA, April 2016.

Helpful and Interesting Links

National Institute of Health (NIH) News & Events – This month they share results from an NIH study investigating a drug to treat alcohol use disorder.

The National Institute of Nursing Research “News and Notes” – This month they share NINR’s new strategic plan.

The NIH Extramural News is a blog written to address current issues related to research and NIH. This month they share HHS’s actions to address children infected with the Zika Virus.

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) continues to provide funding and resources for improving access to health care. This month discuss the benefits of Title V funding for mothers and children.

Science Daily features breaking news and videos about the latest discoveries in health, technology, the environment, and more – from major news services and leading universities, scientific journals, and research organizations. – This month they share a new promise for a cure for HIV after treating the first patient with a new treatment.

WSU Informer: Funding Opportunities Resource

Puzzle key: validity, reliability, factor, testing, classification.  …I call it affect.