Marian Wilson

What’s New in Grants?

Nineteen new proposals were submitted in February; 14 with Nursing Principal Investigators and five with Nursing and HPA Co-investigators, for a total of $17,043,331 in requested funding. Of the 19 proposals, 14 were submitted in Spokane, four in Vancouver, and one in Tri-Cities. Collaborating colleges/departments include Biological Sciences, Community Health, Electrical Engineering/Computer Science, Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology, and Nutrition and Exercise Physiology.

If you will be a co-investigator on a proposal with someone in another department/college, please let Kathy Bridwell in the Nursing Research Office know. Also be sure that Kathy and Brett Oglesbee are on the eREX as department contacts, and Tamara Odom-Maryon is on the eREX as the college approver.

The Research Office is here to help you with your submission. Let us know as soon as you decide to apply as we can help you explore funding opportunities and set up regular meetings to support your submission. Contact Kathy Bridwell for more information.


Celestina Barbosa-Leiker received $20,000 for her project titled Jonas Nurse Leader/Veterans Healthcare Scholars Program 2016-18 for two PhD students to participate in the Jonas Scholar program from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing/Jonas Center. » Read news release

Linda Eddy received $66,750 for her project titled Ombudsman/Quality Review Team Training from the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services.

Lois James received $12,500 from WSU Office of Commercialization: Commercialization Gap, for her project titled Counter Bias Training to Repair Damaged Police Community Relationships.

Did we miss your good news? Please let us know so we can share in our next newsletter!

Research Wisdom

Jae Kennedy

On Linking Health Research and Policy
By Jae Kennedy

Many current healthcare research articles begin with offhand reference to health reform, e.g. “following passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, payers and policymakers are paying increasing attention to…” It’s a rather transparent bid to assert timeliness and relevance to the study topic, but the policy doesn’t really drive the problem framing, analysis strategy, or interpretation of study findings. The study may be quite rigorous and focus on an important problem, but it’s not about the policy referenced in the first or second paragraph. That’s fine, by the way, there are many types of really important research questions that don’t have a clear link to public policies or programs.

Many of you know that I recently received a fairly large federal grant to evaluate the impact of recent federal policy reforms on the physical, emotional and economic health of working-age adults with significant disabilities. I’m proud of the proposed work, and excited about the potential impact. As someone who has spent over half his life doing research on health and social services, I would advise researchers who aspire to influence policy to be: a) critical, b) practical, c) humble, and d) persistent.

Critical analysis
Most legislation, regulation and program development is grounded in a set of general assumptions about human and organizational behavior. Policymakers assume that individuals or groups will rationally respond to changing incentives and reallocation of resources. Evaluation scientists like Leonard Bickman stress the critical importance of program theory – the causal models which lead us to hypothesize that a given intervention will lead to a desired outcome within a target population.

Pulling apart and critically analyzing the assumptions underlying an intervention is the first step in any policy research. Ask some basic questions: Why do we think this can work, how can we tell that it works, and is this the most (quick, cheap, or effective) way to reach the desired outcome? Think about generalizability – do we think this will work in other settings or with different populations? » Continue reading

Research FYI

  • In Developmental Inhibition of Gsk3 Rescues Behavioral and Neurophysiological Deficits in a Mouse Model of Schizophrenia Predisposition (Tamura, M, Makai, J, Gordon, J, Gogogos, J) scientists were able to eliminate a core symptom of schizophrenia in mice.
  • The New York Times’ blog by Abby Ellin, explores the challenges transgender patients face when going to the hospital. Expecting all healthcare providers to be experts in +transgender medicine is not feasible but practitioners must turn to experts in order to provide appropriate and responsible care. » Read the full article.
  • Research findings can take years to make it to publication. This month in Nature, Kendall Powel asks the Question “Does it take too long to publish research?”
  • Dr. Bill Thomas thinks we are lucky to get old. After deciding to leave a high stress ER position, the Harvard trained physician became the director of a small town Nursing home. The depressing conditions he witnessed there and his experience growing up surrounded by thriving older people led him to develop the Eden Alternative; a nursing home approach that incorporates the care of animals and plants into nursing homes, and the residents thrived! So why hasn’t this simple approach been widely adopted? » Read more
  • Submitted by Cindy Corbett: The American Nurses Foundation would like to announce the opening of our 2016 Nursing Research Grant cycle. Interested faculty and doctoral students may click here for more information or to apply for a Nursing Research Grant. The deadline is May 1, 2016.
  • Submitted by Martin Schiavenato: Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science, published in Science last year, shares the results from the replication of 100 experiments in three high-ranking psychology journals. They found that 97% of original studies had significant results (P < .05) but only 36% of replications had significant results. This does not necessarily mean that only a third of the results are “true,” rather, to be statistically significant its p-value is less than 0.05, this means you have a 1 in 20 of experiencing this by chance. » Read more

Upcoming Changes to NIH Forms

Submitted by Kathy Bridwell: There will be changes to some of NIH Form C and D Application Forms the end of March 2016. Be sure to use the most recent version when working on your applications. The following highlights some of the changes:

1. Authentication of Key Biological and/or Chemical Resources attachment

  • New form;
  • Additional review questions;
  • Guidance for the Significance and Approach Sections of the Research Strategy required for research grant applications ( and Career Development Award applications (; and
  • New RPPR expectations “to emphasize rigorous approaches taken to ensure robust and unbiased results.”
  • Research Training: Updated requirements and instructions for several attachments on the PHS 398 Research Training Program Plan form. Changes affect Human Subjects, Vertebrate Animals, and Progress Report attachments. Also, new requirement to focus on recruitment in “Recruitment and Retention Plan to Enhance Diversity” attachment.

2. Simplification of the Vertebrate Animals Section of NIH Grant Applications and Contract Proposals. The VAS criteria are simplified by the following changes: description of veterinary care and justification for number of animals are no longer required, and description of the method of euthanasia is required only if the method is not consistent with AVMA guidelines (For more details, please see

3. Inclusion of Children in Clinical Research: Change in NIH Definition. Child is now defined as under 18 rather than 21 (See

Research – Just for Fun

Kitten at computer

This month’s submission comes from Computers in Human Behavior. Emotion regulation, procrastination, and watching cat videos online: Who watches Internet cats, why, and to what effect? (Jessica Myrick) surveyed 6,795 internet users and among other findings, found that there is a relationship between viewing cat videos and emotional benefits. » Read the full article

Research Funnies



Research Hide and Seek

hide and seek

Recent Publications

Katz, J. R., Barbosa-Leiker, C., & Benavides-Vaello, S. (2016). Measuring the Success of a Pipeline Program to Increase Nursing Workforce Diversity. Journal of Professional Nursing. 32 (1) doi:10.1016/j.profnurs.2015.05.003

McPherson, S., Brooks, O., Barbosa-Leiker, C., Lederhos, C., Lamp, A., Murphy, S., Layton, M., & Roll, J. (2016). Examining longitudinal stimulant use and treatment attendance as parallel outcomes in two contingency management randomized clinical trials. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 61, 18-25.

Hirchak, K.A. & Murphy, S.M. (In press). Assessing differences in the availability of opioid addiction therapy options: Rural versus urban and American Indian reservation versus non-reservation. Journal of Rural Health.

Murphy, S.M., Campbell A.N.C., Ghitza U.E., Kyle T.L., Bailey G.L., Nunes E.V., Polsky D., (2016). Cost-effectiveness of an internet-delivered treatment for substance abuse: data from a multisite randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.01.021

Keegan, R, Oliver, C., Stanfill, T., Stevens, K., Brown, G., Ebinger, M.,& Gay, J. (2015). Use of a mobile device simulation as a preclass active learning exercise. Journal of Nursing Education. Doi. 10.3928/01484834-20151214-14.

Simonson, D. (2016). Staffing: A Spreadsheet That Spits Out a Staffing Budget. Outpatient Surgery Magazine, XVII(1).

Shaw, M.R., Lederhos, C., Howell, D., Haberman, M., Fleming, S. & Roll, J. (2016) Nurses’ perceptions of caring for childbearing women who misuse opioids. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 41(1), 37-42.

Benavides-Vaello, S. Stevens, K., & Vines, M. (2014). Evaluating Spanish proficiency among interprofessional healthcare students using simulation. Clinical Simulation in Nursing. 10(4):e169–e175. DOI.1016/j.ecns.2014.01.001

Ward, L. D., French, B. F., Barbosa-Leiker, C., & Iverson, A.E.F. (2016). Application of exploratory factor analysis and item response theory to validate the Genomic Nursing Concept Inventory. Journal of Nursing Education, 55(1), 9-17. doi:10.3928/01484834-20151214-05

Read, C. Y., & Ward, L. D. (2016) Faculty performance on the Genomic Nursing Concept Inventory. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(1), 5-13. doi:10.1111/jnu.12175

Senger, B.A., Ward, L. D., Barbosa-Leiker, C. L., & Bindler, R. C. (2016). The parent experience of caring for a child with a mitochondrial disease. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 31(1), 32-41. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2015.08/007

Senger, B.A., Ward, L. D., Barbosa-Leiker, C. L., & Bindler, R. C. (2016). Stress and coping of parents caring for a child with mitochondrial disease. Applied Nursing Research, 29(1), 195-201. doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2015.03.010

Did we miss your publication? Please let us know so we can share next in the next newsletter! Please send a link to your publication to Kathy Bridwell so she can post it on the research publications board.

Recent Presentations

Holliday, C., Barbosa-Leiker, C., Wynne, M., Ford, C., Numkena, N., Paul. R., &Katz, J. R. (2015). Community capacity for research:Intrinsic knowledge and making connections. Podium presentation 41st Annual Conference of the Transcultural Nursing Society (TCNS). Portland OR.

Holliday, C., Wynecoop, Z., Wynne, M., Numkena, N., & Katz, J. R. (2015). Ta hec čmiš qn mistI Will Never Give Up: Preventing American Indian Youth Suicide & Substance Use with CBPR & The Gathering of Native Americans. American Indigenous Research Association 2015 Conference. Polson, MT.

James, L. (January 2016). Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) F-Division Fatigue Management Training Pilot Study: Executive and Managers’ Forum. Regina, Canada

James, L. (January 2016). Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) F-Division Fatigue Management Training Pilot Study: Members and Spouses’ Workshop. Regina, Canada

Did we miss your presentation? Please let us know so we can share next month!

Helpful and Interesting Links

National Institute of Health (NIH) News & Events – This month they highlight the results of a large multinational trial that found a vaginal ring provides partial protection from HIV.

The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)News and Notes” – This month they present the NINR Workshop for Midcareer Scientists at Regional Nursing Research Society Conferences

The NIH Extramural News is a blog written to address current issues related to research and NIH – This month they highlight the pending changes in the NIH application forms.

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) continues to provide funding and resources for improving access to health care. – This month they remind us of the importance of organ donation.

Science Daily features breaking news and videos about the latest discoveries in health, technology, the environment, and more – from major news services and leading universities, scientific journals, and research organizations. – This month they share results from a study that found a breakthrough in understanding human skin cells offers a pathway for new anti-aging treatments.

WSU Informer: Funding Opportunities Resource